In a recent posting Laurent wrote of our little adventure to Point Prim and the Orwell area in the western end of Queens County. By word of explanation the Island is divided into three counties: Prince in the West, Queens (where we live in Charlottetown) in the Centre, and Kings in the East. Our original destination had simply been Point Prim which is a pleasant 30 minutes drive along the Points East Coastal Drive – or the Trans Canada Highway*. On our way out we noticed a sign directing the traveller to The Sir Andrew Macphail Homestead so on the way back, having had a hearty lunch of Portuguese chowder (shrimp, halibut, chorizo in a spicy tomato broth) at the Chowder Shack, we decided to investigate the good Island worthy’s birthplace and residence.
Laurent writes in some detail about both Point Prim, the Macphail Homestead and Sir Andrew himself at: Some Surprises on PEI.
Sir Andrew’s father William was born in Nairn, Inverness, Scottland in 1828 and immigrated with his parents to Cape Breton in 1830. On the voyage he and his family survived a shipwreck which left them with nothing but a book and a spinning wheel to begin their new life in the Colonies. He moved to PEI in 1844 and married Catherine Moore Smith. He purchased a 100 acre farm near Orwell and they moved there in 1864. He became the schoolmaster at nearby Uigg and later became Inspector of Schools and then Supervisor of the Hospital for the Insane.
As so often happens there was one little detail in the house that caught my attention in the very interesting tour given by a very charming young lady. She is currently studying music at UPEI and said that when she first saw this house she was struck by the unique tools that Sir Andrew’s father William used to teach music during his years as schoolmaster at nearby Uigg.
In all probability when William and Catherine moved into the small** Fletcher homestead they did some redecorating which including changing the wallpaper. Supplies were often limited and it took a long time for things to be brought in from the mainland so everything was used. But what do you do with rolls of leftover wallpaper? Why you write music on the reverse, of course. Or at least that’s what William did.
William taught music at his schools and in churches and community centres across the Island. Paper wasn’t easily come by and the large sheets of leftover wallpaper were perfect for the classroom. He hand-wrote the texts, mostly hymns and psalms, in black ink and for uniformity, ink-printed the notes with a carved cork. Amongst the surviving 17 scrolls are Kilmarnock, Gethsemane, and Brown – all well-known hymn tunes of the time. Other music – sacred and secular – was composed by Mr Macphail himself.
(A click on the hymn titles will take you to YouTube videos of each of the melodies being played. Unfortunately I was not able to find a version of Brown (Bradbury) – or at least nothing labelled as that.)
As well as revealing Macphail’s unique method of teaching music the wallpaper also gives a possible hint of how the rooms of the Homestead were papered in those early years. The scroll mounted on the wall was printed on a roll of blue/green and ochre small block print on a white background. The rolls were handed down to the family by Sir Andrew’s sister Catherine.
In 2006 Nancy Whytock transcribed all the music from the scrolls and they have been performed and there has been talk of a studio recording.
*Yes the Trans Canada Highway comes over to the Island – don’t question it. Just accept it as fact.
**Though it was a 100 acre property the original house is extremely small and it’s difficult to imagine that eventually 13 people lived there – William and Catherine, William’s mother, and ten children.
On this day in 1984: “We begin bombing in five minutes“: United States President Ronald Reagan, while running for re-election, jokes while preparing to make his weekly Saturday address on National Public Radio.